WHERE IS THE HOLY GRAIL HIDDEN ?
THE MYSTERY REVEALED
Last Modified Date : 13.03.2009
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THE HOLY GRAIL
According to Christian mythology, The Holy Grail was the dish, plate, or cup
used by Jesus at the Last Supper, said to possess miraculous powers. The
connection of Joseph of Arimathea with the The Holy Grail legend dates from
Robert de Boron's Joseph d'Arimathie (late 12th century) in which Joseph
receives The Holy Grail from an apparition of Jesus and sends it with his
followers to Great Britain; building upon this theme, later writers recounted
how Joseph used The Holy Grail to catch Christ's blood while interring him and
that in Britain he founded a line of guardians to keep it safe. The quest for
the Holy Grail makes up an important segment of the Arthurian cycle, appearing
first in works by Chrétien de Troyes. The legend may combine Christian lore with
a Celtic myth of a cauldron endowed with special powers.
The word graal, as it is earliest spelled, appears to be an Old French adaptation of the Latin gradalis (gradalus or gradale), meaning a dish brought to the table in different stages of a meal. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, after the cycle of Grail romances was well established, late medieval writers came up with a false etymology for sangréal, an alternative name for "Holy Grail". In Old French, san graal or san gréal means "Holy Grail" and sang réal means "royal blood"; later writers played on this pun. Since then, "Sangreal" is sometimes employed to lend a medievalizing air in referring to the Holy Grail.
Ideas of The Holy Grail
The Holy Grail was considered a bowl
or dish when first described by Chrétien de Troyes. Other authors had their own
ideas; Robert de Boron portrayed it as the vessel of the Last Supper, and
Peredur had no Grail per se, presenting the hero instead with a platter
containing his kinsman's bloody, severed head. In Parzival, Wolfram von
Eschenbach, citing the authority of a certain (probably fictional) Kyot the
Provençal, claimed The Holy Grail was a stone that fell from Heaven, and had
been the sanctuary of the Neutral Angels who took neither side during Lucifer's
rebellion. The authors of the Vulgate Cycle used The Holy Grail as a symbol of
divine grace. Galahad, illegitimate son of Lancelot and Elaine, the world's
greatest knight and The Holy Grail Bearer at the castle of Corbenic, is destined
to achieve The Holy Grail, his spiritual purity making him a greater warrior
than even his illustrious father. Galahad and the interpretation of The Holy
Grail involving him were picked up in the 15th century by Sir Thomas Malory in
Le Morte d'Arthur, and remain popular today.
Belief in The Holy Grail and
interest in its potential whereabouts has never ceased. Ownership has been
attributed to various groups (including the Knights Templar, probably because
they were at the peak of their influence around the time that Grail stories
started circulating in the 12th and 13th centuries).
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Holy Grail".
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